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Criticisms in Literature, Arts, Culture, and Academia

Criticism has been a part of human literature, art, culture and intellectual development. Some of us may also be familiar with the word “criticism”. But what does criticism really mean? Follow the explanation from the article below.

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What are Criticisms?

Criticism definition is actually a science that interprets, assesses, analyzes, and judges an event, literary or artistic work, to academic writing in the form of a systematic opinion. Thus, criticism itself has its own method that not everyone can do.

Someone who does criticism must have a qualified background in analyzing or assessing a work. This is what distinguishes critics from other comments or reviews.

The History of Criticisms

Criticisms have started a long time ago. Especially during the time of the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle who gave replies to each other’s thoughts and writings. Then criticism continued to develop and gave rise to many different types of criticisms. 

New Criticisms

In the mid-20th century, New Criticism definition came to dominate the American literary scene. The New Criticism definition “reformed” previous philosophies of criticism by emphasizing careful reading, especially of poetry, to discover how literary work functions as an independent and self-referential aesthetic object. The movement got its name from John Crowe Ransom’s book The New Criticism in 1941.

Variety of Criticisms

Criticisms definition are divided into many types. Here are some explanations of them!

1. Theoretical Criticisms

Theoretical Critique addresses the importance of thinking that relies on practicality. It is concerned with the importance of a theory and its application to reality along with its legitimacy, limitations, and motivations.

2. Practical Criticism

Practical criticism is such a protest or evaluation, that something “works or doesn’t work” in grounded reality, due to some explanation or cause. Its concern is with valuable impact.

3. Aesthetic Criticisms

Aesthetic Criticisms are seen as the part of aesthetics that is concerned with making decisions about excellence and attention to style and design and various issues of fundamental human assumptions.

4. Constructive Criticisms

The definition of constructive criticism means making the analysis not completely wrong and providing additional explanations to provide better recommendations in the future. 

How Criticims Shaping and Improving Creating Works and Intellectual Discourse

One of the important points of critics is to point out which works are really good or actually, bad. It is not uncommon for a critic to become a detective who digs into the meaning of a text or becomes an “editor” for an artist by providing criticism definition and suggestions for their next work.

Based on their tasks above, we can see a change in the pattern of work from time to time, both in art and scientific work. Criticisms now also do not only stop as “detectives” and “editors” as above but are also tasked with educating the public to take part in work or writing.

Example of Constructive Criticisms 

There are many ways to critique with constructive criticism. Here are some example of constructive criticism:

  • I think there’s potential for improvement here. Let’s talk about some areas you can do better next time.
  • This wasn’t your best work, so let’s go back to basics and talk about getting those fundamentals right again.

Criticisms cannot be done by just anyone and make criticisms different from others. However, criticism definition is not just about negativity, but rather an attempt to understand art, writing and culture and provide good development in the future. 

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